The enormous cost of toxic stress: Repairing damage to refugee and separated children

July 9, 2018

Publication: The Brookings Institution

Featured Expert: Dr. Jack Shonkoff


“When traumatic experiences are imposed on young children, the impact on their bodies and brains can last a lifetime, even if those children cannot consciously remember the events that terrified them,” writes Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, a senior fellow at The Brookings Institution, who submitted this statement on behalf of Center Director Dr. Jack Shonkoff and others.

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